Truck Driver Salary by State

12/5/2022

Take a look behind the sales, logistics, and supply chain networks that underpin the American economy and keep it running, and you'll find truck drivers. In 2021, the trucking industry moved 72% of all freight transported in the U.S.—totaling 10.93 billion tons of goods—according to the American Trucking Associations, the industry's trade association. There were also 3.49 million truck drivers employed in 2021, a 3.7% increase from the previous year.

The median pay for heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers nationwide was $23.23 per hour in 2021, according to Bureau of Labor Statistics data. That equates to a little more than $48,000 per year based on a 40-hour work week, although most semi drivers work significantly more hours. The pay for a private fleet driver rose to more than $86,000—up nearly 18% from $73,000. However, some industry observers point out that when the pay is adjusted for inflation, salaries for truck drivers have dropped significantly since the 1970s.

To help explain what all this means for the future of trucking, Truckinfo.net used BLS data to find and compare the median hourly pay for heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers in each state. Here's a look at what parts of the country are proving to be the most lucrative.

Truck Driver Pay by State Heat Map
Chart by TruckInfo.net
State Hourly median wage Annual median wage
District of Columbia $28.86 $60,020
Alaska $28.70 $59,700
Washington $27.51 $57,230
New Jersey $26.80 $55,750
Illinois $24.13 $50,180
Rhode Island $24.01 $49,950
Massachusetts $24.01 $49,950
Minnesota $23.97 $49,850
Delaware $23.91 $49,730
Oregon $23.85 $49,620
North Dakota $23.80 $49,510
Colorado $23.79 $49,480
New York $23.74 $49,380
Hawaii $23.68 $49,260
Wyoming $23.65 $49,180
New Hampshire $23.65 $49,190
Connecticut $23.62 $49,120
Nebraska $23.62 $49,120
California $23.57 $49,030
Nevada $23.55 $48,980
Vermont $23.52 $48,920
Utah $23.46 $48,810
Maryland $23.42 $48,700
Indiana $23.41 $48,700
Tennessee $23.37 $48,600
Wisconsin $23.30 $48,470
Michigan $23.30 $48,470
Montana $23.17 $48,180
Iowa $23.17 $48,180
Ohio $23.17 $48,180
Pennsylvania $23.17 $48,180
Kansas $23.07 $47,980
Arkansas $23.07 $47,990
Georgia $23.07 $47,990
Idaho $23.01 $47,860
South Dakota $22.96 $47,750
Oklahoma $22.95 $47,740
Arizona $22.88 $47,600
New Mexico $22.83 $47,480
Missouri $22.66 $47,130
Mississippi $22.64 $47,090
North Carolina $22.61 $47,020
Texas $22.58 $46,960
Kentucky $22.55 $46,900
Maine $22.53 $46,860
Louisiana $22.42 $46,640
South Carolina $22.42 $46,640
Virginia $22.42 $46,640
Alabama $22.28 $46,350
Florida $20.82 $43,300
West Virginia $19.05 $39,620

Truck drivers in most states make $22 to $24 per hour

Truck drivers in the United States are well compensated compared to other jobs that require only a high school education. The median pay is $23.23 an hour, compared to the $18.42 average for workers with only a high school diploma.

Truck drivers have been in especially high demand since the start of the coronavirus pandemic, according to the American Trucking Associations. As a result, trucking fleets are offering extraordinarily higher pay to attract and keep drivers. Weekly earnings have jumped five times their historical average and are up by more than 25% for long-haul, truckload drivers since the start of 2019. Drivers are also being offered thousands of dollars in sign-on bonuses and full benefits such as paid leave, health insurance, and 401(k) retirement funds.

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Where Truck Drivers Make the Most

Truck drivers are paid the most in Washington D.C. and Alaska, followed by Washington state and New Jersey. However, there are far fewer drivers in the District of Columbia and Alaska— 620 and 3,020—compared to 34,510 and 44,800 in Washington state and New Jersey. The lowest-paying states are West Virginia, Florida, Alabama, and Virginia.

Despite the demand and the range of benefits offered, one economist noted there is a serious shortage of drivers, blaming a combination of increased demand for freight, shrinking labor due to early retirements related to the pandemic, and closed driving schools. Others blame loneliness, on top of the job's physical and emotional toll, as a reason for fewer truck drivers in the industry.

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Requirements and Training

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers typically have a high school diploma and completed training at a professional truck driving school. At these schools, they get hands-on training learning to maneuver big rigs on highways and through streets. They are also taught federal laws and regulations concerning interstate truck driving.

For professional training, students can choose between a private school or a community college program that usually lasts between three and six months. Truck drivers need to have a commercial driver's license, a clean driving record, pass a physical exam every two years, and submit to random testing for alcohol or drug abuse.

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Job Outlook for Truckers

Some in the industry believe the deregulation of the truck driving industry during the Carter administration has had an adverse effect on pay throughout decades. Still, employment of heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers is expected to grow 4% through 2031, a pace that is about the average for all occupations.

Over the decade, an average of about 259,900 openings for heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers have been available each year, according to the BLS. Many of the openings are to replace workers who move to different occupations or retire. Truck driving remains a solid profession for many to enter the middle class without the need of an expensive four-year college degree.

About the author
Aine Givens
Aine Givens worked in newspapers and publishing before becoming a full-time data journalist.

Her work has been featured on the Brookings Institution's Tax Policy Center, Newsweek, and the New York Daily News.
Reviewed By
Kyle Fretwell of TruckInfo.net
Kyle Fretwell has worked as a researcher and data journalist for over a decade. His work has appeared in publications such as Bloomberg, Fox Business, MSN, USA Today, CNBC, and the Houston Chronicle.

He now manages TruckInfo.net's content team and is a regular fixture at the Mid-America Trucking Show in Louisville.

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