Based on our research, there are more than 168k truck accidents every year, around 32% of which involve an injury and around 3% result in a fatality.
To better understand truck accidents, our team researched where and why they happen, how many people are injured or killed as a result, and the financial costs incurred.
For clarity purposes, we present data for all trucks below but we also break out of data for just semi-trucks.
A “large truck” is typically defined as a truck with a gross vehicle rating weight greater than 10,000 pounds. As such, all statistics in this section refer to this subset of vehicles. For example, lightweight pickup trucks like the Ford F-150 are excluded but larger pickups like the F-350 are included. We cover statistics exclusive to semi-trucks below.
There were 168,320 truck accidents in 2022. 4,766 of these accidents were fatal for one or more persons involved.1
Texas had the most truck accidents in 2022. California, Florida, Pennsylvania, and Illinois rounded out the top five.1
76,180 individuals were injured in a truck accident in 2022.1
Roughly 71% of injuries are from occupants in other vehicles, while 27% of fatalities are occupants of the large truck. Around 2% are other individuals such as pedestrians or bicyclists.2
32% of truck accidents resulted in an injury in 2022. Out of the 168,320 accidents, 54,667 resulted in an injury.1
Note: The number of truck accidents resulting in an injury is lower than the number of individuals injured during a truck accident because multiple individuals can be injured in a single accident.
Texas had the most truck accidents with injuries followed by California, New York, Florida, and North Carolina.1
5,370 people were killed in truck accidents in 2022.1
While roughly 17% of fatalities are occupants of the large truck, approximately 72% are occupants in other vehicles. The remaining 11% are other individuals such as pedestrians or bicyclists.2
More than 1/3 of truckers killed during a crash are not buckled-up.3
Around 2.8% of truck accidents result in a fatality.1
2.4% of fatal truck accidents involved alcohol.1
Texas had the most fatal truck accidents in 2022 followed by California, Florida, Georgia, and Illinois.1
There were 5,250,766 accidents in 2020. Only 2.8% of these involved a large truck.1
There were 35,766 fatal motor vehicle accidents in 2020. Around 12.5% of these involved a large truck.1
116,353 semi-trucks were involved in an accident in 2022.1 Around 1 in 3 long-haul truckers will be involved in a serious truck accident during their career.3
In 2022, Texas had the most semi-truck accidents followed by California, Florida, Georgia, and Illinois.1
In 2022, approximately 30% of semi-trucks involved in an accident resulted in an injury.1
In 2022, Texas had the most semi-truck accidents with injuries with 5,846, more twice as many as California, which ranked second with 2,675 accidents with injuries.1
In 2022, approximately 3% of semi-trucks involved in an accident resulted in a fatality.1
In 2022, Texas had the most fatal semi-truck accidents followed by California, Florida, and Georgia.1
While verdicts and settlements of under $1 million are significantly more common than nuclear verdicts of over $10 million, fewer than 2% of reported insurance claims result in any litigation action at all.4
Trucking companies facing litigation for small verdicts and settlements (under $1 million) can expect $406k to $449k in plaintiff payments 95% of the time. For cases over $1M, the mean plaintiff payment was $3.1 million as of 2019.4
As a result of nuclear insurance verdicts, trucking companies have seen insurance premiums go up. Small fleets are the most affected.4
The American Transportation Research Institute found that most truck accident lawsuits had plaintiff payments of under $2 million, or where more than $5 million.4
Spin and roll accidents are by car the most expensive types of accidents in nuclear verdicts.4
Truck accidents lawsuits are significantly more expensive when children are involved.4
The cost of a truck accident lawsuit is significantly more expensive if a spinal cord injury is involved4
When just looking at cases that yielded a nuclear verdict, 100% of cases were ruled in favor of the plaintiff when the case involved HOS issues, driver history issues, controlled substance use, health related issues, or improper actions after the crash (like leaving the scene or not calling 911).4